April 2012|Bruno Versailles|Country Learning Notes,

This note discusses the linkages (or lack thereof) between Rwanda’s planning and budgeting processes.


  • The government’s two main planning tools are: VISION 2020; and the Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EDPRS).
  • Planning and budgeting institutions are formally separate. However, both are linked to the national budget through the Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF).
  • Budget preparations looking 12 months ahead are quite solid, though the outer years of the MTEF are currently not used for strategically thinking through budgetary commitments.
  • A clear and well respected budget calendar has been defined for all entities involved in the budget process.



The Country Learning Notes series is intended as a tool for policy makers and practitioners to learn from the experiences of other countries. Each note focuses on a specific country and a particular policy area, documenting the challenges faced and decisions taken to overcome them.

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