April 2012|Bruno Versailles|Country Learning Notes,

This note discusses aid management in Rwanda between 2002-2011.



  • Between 2002 and 2006 there was an increase in the amount of budget support Rwanda received.
  • The government’s Poverty Reduction Strategy paper, together with the Rome and Paris declarations, helped Rwanda’s political leadership and like-minded development partners to push a harmonisation and alignment agenda.
  • The release of the 2006 Aid Policy proved to be a watershed moment in the history of aid management in Rwanda. It was strong on government ownership of the development agenda and gave the Rwandan government a framework by which to hold development partners to account.
  • The 2008 Aid Procedures Manual (adopted by Cabinet in 2011), together with other recent initiatives, showed the government’s determination for project aid to use Rwanda’s own systems.
  • Improvements in the quality of the Rwandan government’s public finance management systems have not been matched by increased use of country systems by donors.



The Country Learning Notes series is intended as a tool for policy makers and practitioners to learn from the experiences of other countries. Each note focuses on a specific country and a particular policy area, documenting the challenges faced and decisions taken to overcome them.

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