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Fiscal governance and state-building

September 2017|Mark Miller, Bryn Welham and Abraham Akoi|Research reports,

PaPaThe interest in state-building in post-colonial development thinking is relatively new. Historically, the need to ‘build states’ has received less attention than the need to build effective markets to generate wealth, or build effective political institutions to deliver democracy and respect for individual rights. Since the 1990s, however, there has been a stronger focus on the [...]

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Domestic resource mobilisation and the transition to sustainable development: synthesis of Asia case studies

August 2017|Gregory de Paepe, Tom Hart and Cathal Long|Research reports,

Official development assistance on its own will be insufficient to meet the financing demands of the Sustainable Development Goals. There is therefore a renewed international focus on the role of domestic resource mobilisation in sustainable development. Historically, increases in taxation have been associated with the development of more accountable and effective institutions, and increasing levels [...]

Taxation and the SDGs: do good things come to those who tax more?

May 2017|Mark Miller and Cathal Long|Briefing Paper,

This briefing note has three objectives. These are to discuss: the reasons for the renewed interest in domestic resource mobilisation in developing countries; the reasons why tax revenues tend to be lower in the poorer countries; and the potential risks associated with trying to squeeze too much taxation out of the poorest economies. The purpose is [...]

The new deal in Somalia: an independent review of the Somali Compact, 2014-2016

April 2017|Marcus Manuel, Alastair McKechnie, Gregory Wilson and Rima das Pradhan-Blach|Research reports,

Somalia’s Compact has been a bold experiment in an extremely challenging context. Many of the ingredients for success, based on lessons from other countries, were not present. The scope and the timelines of the Compact were ambitious and would have been challenging even for a stable, long-established government working with well-established development partners in a [...]

Public financial management and health services delivery

April 2017|Bryn Welham, Tom Hart, Shakira Mustapha and Sierd Hadley|Research reports,

The issues of public financial management (PFM) and healthcare have long been of interest to the development policy community. Both issues are relatively well discussed and studied in their own right, but the relationship between them is comparatively under-theorised and under researched. More recently, the debates in both policy fields have started to place more of a [...]

Organising a strategic phase in the budget process

November 2016|Cathal Long and Bryn Welham|Toolkits,

This public financial management introductory guide discusses the strategic phase of the budget process with a focus on how it typically operates in low-capability environments. The introductory guide outlines the importance of the strategic phase in linking high-level political choices with overall spending policy and explains what distinguishes it from other parts of the budget [...]

Public investment management

November 2016|Mark Miller and Shakira Mustapha|Toolkits,

This public financial management introductory guide to public investment management is written specifically for finance or planning ministries in low-income and capacity-constrained environments that seek to manage their public investments more efficiently and effectively. Whether or not a country’s portfolio of public investments delivers the anticipated economic and social benefits depends crucially on how well it is [...]

Fiscal decentralisation

November 2016|Tom Hart and Bryn Welham|Toolkits,

This public financial management introductory guide defines fiscal decentralisation and discusses how it fits into a country's wider decentralisation policy. It outlines the reasons why decentralisation is usually undertaken in developing countries and how the administrative, political and fiscal mandates of decentralised government need to be considered jointly in what is usually a longterm change process. [...]

Cash management in cash-constrained environments

November 2016|Mark Miller and Sierd Hadley|Toolkits,

This public financial management introductory guide summarises the literature on cash management reforms for developing countries. Good cash management ensures public money reaches the right place, at the right time. Reforms to improve cash management in the OECD aim to make this process more efficient, by ensuring that the government’s cash balances are known and invested [...]

The ministry of finance ‘challenge function’

November 2016|Sierd Hadley and Bryn Welham|Toolkits,

This public finance management introductory guide discusses the ministry of finance ‘challenge function’, which describes how the finance ministry investigates and scrutinises the policy and expenditure choices of other public entities. In OECD countries, the challenge function usually puts a greater emphasis on the high-level policy choices of spending agencies. But in many developing countries the focus [...]